This area of work is the foundation for all the other activities in Montessori classroom. Here the child integrates his various facets, physical, mental, emotional and social that he might function as a unit. With these exercises he achieves focus, concentration, awareness of details, sequence of action, orderliness of person and thoughts, physical coordination, self-direction, social reciprocation and ultimately responsible independence.
Sensorial training is designed to help the child become aware of the numerous factors in his environment such as color, sound, form, texture, pattern, temperature, dimension, weight, fragrance, taste, and density. His/her discernment of these is determined by the degree of refinement of his senses. Until the child can create order out of the mass of impressions assailing his senses he cannot function on a truly human level. The following materials give him the means to categorize these impressions permitting logical, deductive thinking.
Language is a man’s primary means of communication. Its acquisition, expansion and refinement are essential to his fullest expression of thought and feelings within the framework of a society. Montessori’s emphasis on language is not only to develop verbal skills but to give the ego greater scope of unfoldment.
In Montessori’s math program the child is initially acquainted with solid quantity and its proportion in various relationships. Then when numerals and equations are given in the next stage, that set of written symbols has clear meaning in the child’s mind. Our aim is to not create ostentatious mathematicians at four and five years of age but to give him/her a concrete frame of reference of later case of mental calculations.